To a layman, all running shoes may be the same. After all, they’re all used for one purpose: running. However, to sports experts and athletes, running shoes are of different types- three types to be specific. Each of these types is specially designed for certain footsteps to prevent possible injuries that occur when running.
Motion Control Running Shoes
This type of shoes is designed for athletes with flat feet or low arches. Runners who have this type of feet usually land with their outer foot edge, meaning that the body weight is transferred from the heel to the foot as the foot rotates excessively inward (overpronation). Since the weight is naturally transferred, overpronation may result in injuries if the runner fails to use the right type of running shoes. Motion control running shoes usually have a medial post in their sole, which makes them rigid enough to prevent overpronation. Although the runner’s action remains unaffected by these shoes, less strain and pain is experienced in the feet after running.
Stability Running Shoes
These shoes are specifically meant for runners with a medium or normal foot arch. A normal or medium arched foot usually strikes the ground on the area between the middle and the outside of the heel, allowing the body weight to transfer to the foot ball, then to the toes. Stability running shoes offer support to this running action because the runner has a normal foot rotation (pronation) during the action. The shoes have almost every element that the running shoes have. For instance, they have some level of rigidity and cushioning for normal pronation and shock absorption, respectively.
Cushioned Running Shoes
If you are a runner with high-arched feet, then cushioned running shoes are designed for you. High-arched feet barely rotate when running. This is called supination or underpronation. The lack of rotation causes shock in the joints. Thus, the cushion is essential for absorbing this shock to prevent injuries.